You've heard all about it - this THC-free wonder extract from hemp plants that people claim can help with everything from anxiety to pain relief. But what is CBD, and how does it wor   k its magic? You're not alone in wondering. As a newbie to the world of CBD, you've likely got a tonne of questions bouncing around your head. Questions like: Will CBD get me high? Is it legal? What's the right dose? And most importantly - can CBD help me personally? 

This beginner's guide to CBD will give you the ABCs, walking you through all the basics so you can decide if CBD is right for you. We'll look at what CBD is, how it interacts with your body, what it's commonly used for, safety 101, and the different forms it comes in. Consider this your CBD ABC crash course, minus the textbook and bad grades. Time to expand your mind and get schooled on all things CBD!

What is CBD? and how can it Aid?

CBD, or cannabidiol, is a chemical compound found in cannabis plants. Unlike the intoxicating THC, CBD is non-psychoactive, meaning it won’t get you high. Instead, CBD interacts with your body’s endocannabinoid system to help regulate processes like pain, mood, and sleep.

How Does CBD Affect Me?

When consumed, CBD binds to endocannabinoid receptors in your brain and body, such as CB1 and CB2. This interaction helps regulate systems in your body to achieve balance and optimal health. For example, CBD may reduce inflammation by limiting cytokine production and influencing your immune cells. It can also impact your mood and anxiety by affecting neurotransmitters like serotonin and GABA.

The Potential Benefits of CBD

CBD shows promise for relieving anxiety, improving sleep, and reducing chronic pain. Its calming effects are thought to help regulate your body’s stress response, easing anxiety and promoting relaxation. CBD also has anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving effects that may help manage conditions like arthritis and muscle soreness.

Preliminary research suggests CBD could benefit other areas as well, such as:

  • Neuroprotection: CBD may protect neurological disorders like epilepsy and multiple sclerosis.
  • Addiction management: CBD may help curb symptoms related to addiction, PTSD, and depression.
  • Acne and eczema: CBD’s anti-inflammatory properties may help clear up skin conditions like acne and eczema.

    Finding the Right Dosage

    As with any supplement, it’s best to start with a low dose of CBD, around 10 to 20 mg per day. Gradually increase until you find the amount that gives you the desired effects. Some people need as little as 5 mg, while others require 50 mg or more. It can take time to find the right dosage for your needs.


    While generally well-tolerated, CBD may cause side effects like fatigue, diarrhoea, and changes in appetite or weight. CBD can also interact with some medications. You should always talk to your doctor before using CBD, especially if you’re on any prescription drugs or are pregnant or breastfeeding. CBD is not recommended for those under 18 years old.

    But How Does it Work?

    CBD interacts with your body's endocannabinoid system (ECS), a complex network responsible for regulating many processes like sleep, appetite, pain, and immune system response. The ECS produces its cannabinoids, similar to CBD and THC in cannabis plants.

    CBD binds to receptors

    When you take CBD, it binds to cannabinoid receptors in the ECS, like CB1 and CB2 receptors. This binding action leads to changes in the body and brain that may benefit certain conditions. For example, CBD binds to CB1 receptors in the brain may help reduce anxiety and improve sleep. Binding to CB2 receptors in the immune system can reduce inflammation.

    CBD influences neurotransmitters

    CBD also acts on other neurotransmitters in the brain that regulate mood and stress, like serotonin and GABA. By impacting these neurotransmitters, CBD may help alleviate symptoms of depression and anxiety and promote an overall sense of well-being.

    CBD has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects

    CBD shows promising antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. As an antioxidant, CBD may protect cells from damage and support the body's natural antioxidant defences. Its anti-inflammatory effects are thought to help with chronic pain, muscle soreness, and skin conditions like eczema or acne. CBD's neuroprotective effects suggest it could help slow the progression of neurological disorders like Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, and epilepsy.

    Finding the right dose

    The right CBD dose for you depends on factors like your weight, the product and concentration you're using, and the severity of your condition. It's best to start with a low dose, like 10 to 20 mg per day, and gradually increase by 5 to 10 mg at a time until you find what works for you. Some people need very little, around 5 mg per day, while others may require 50 mg or more. You should feel the effects of CBD within 30 to 60 minutes of taking it. Always follow the directions on your product and talk to your doctor if you have any concerns.

    Safety considerations

    CBD is generally well tolerated, but some people experience side effects like fatigue, diarrhoea, changes in appetite, and weight changes. CBD may interact with some medications, so always check with your doctor first if you're on any regular medications. CBD is not recommended for pregnant or breastfeeding women. Avoid giving CBD to children, as the research on its effects on kids is still limited.

    Can CBD Help you?

    Reducing Anxiety and Stress

    One of the most popular reasons people turn to CBD is to reduce feelings of anxiety and stress. The calming effects of CBD are thought to help regulate the body's stress response and promote relaxation. Several studies have found that CBD may help reduce social anxiety disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder. If you struggle with chronic anxiety or stressful thoughts, CBD could help you feel more at ease.

    Improving Sleep

    CBD may have therapeutic benefits for sleep by regulating your body's sleep-wake cycles. Studies show CBD can help reduce insomnia and improve sleep quality. The relaxing effects of CBD are thought to help calm restlessness, relieve pain, and ease anxiety—all of which can make it difficult to fall asleep. If you struggle with falling or staying asleep at night, CBD could help you drift off more easily.

    Relieving Pain

    CBD has shown promise for relieving chronic pain from conditions like arthritis, cancer, and fibromyalgia. CBD is thought to interact with pain receptors in the brain and immune system to reduce inflammation and ease pain signals. Topical CBD creams and lotions can be applied directly to areas of pain for localised relief, while oils and tinctures work from within to provide overall pain management.

    Other Potential Benefits

    CBD shows potential for various other health issues. CBD may have neuroprotective effects that could benefit disorders like epilepsy, Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, and MS (multiple sclerosis). CBD could help manage symptoms related to cancer and chemotherapy like nausea, vomiting, and lack of appetite. For those struggling with addiction, CBD may help reduce cravings and withdrawal symptoms. CBD may also have antibacterial properties and could help clear up some skin conditions.

    The key is to start low and go slow until you find the right amount of CBD for your needs. While CBD is considered safe and non-intoxicating for most people. You should always talk to your doctor first before trying CBD, especially if you are pregnant, breastfeeding, or taking other supplements or medicines. With the guidance of a doctor, CBD may help improve your quality of life.

    For extra information, regarding the benefits and potential risks of CBD WebMD have an extensive article right here. For even more in-depth analysis feel free to read their sources.

    Dosage for Beginners

    As a beginner to CBD, it's important to start low and go slow. The optimal dosage will vary from person to person based on factors like your weight, body chemistry, and the reason you're using CBD. A good rule of thumb is to take one-half of the recommended dosage of the product and see how it affects you. Then you can gradually increase the amount over time until you find what works best for your needs.

    CBD Oil

    With CBD oil, a few drops under your tongue is a good place to start. Hold the oil there for 30 to 60 seconds before swallowing to allow for absorption into your bloodstream. For general wellness, a typical starting dose is 5 to 10mg of CBD oil 1-2 times per day. Increase by 5 to 10mg at a time until you find your optimal dose.

    CBD Gummies or Capsules

    Start with one gummy or capsule, which typically contains about 10 to 25mg of CBD. Take one in the morning and one in the evening. Increase your dose by one gummy or capsule at a time, waiting a few days between increases. A typical dose for most people is 2 to 3 gummies or capsules daily.

    CBD Cosmetics

    For CBD lotions, balms, and creams, start with a pea-sized amount on the area of concern. Gently massage into the skin until fully absorbed. Reapply as needed. CBD topicals tend to be the least likely to cause side effects because only a small amount of the CBD is absorbed into the bloodstream. However, some people may experience skin reactions, so do a patch test on a small inconspicuous area first.

    Finding Your Sweet Spot

    Once you've started with a low dose and gradually increased, you'll eventually find your own personal "sweet spot" dosage that provides the effects you're looking for. It may take a week or two of experimenting to get it right, so be patient and stick with it. And of course, if you have any concerns about the dosage or experience undesirable side effects, talk to your doctor. They can guide any potential drug interactions or health issues to be aware of.

    Why So CBD provides high-quality CBD products to suit a range of needs and budgets. Their product line includes CBD oils, gummies, capsules and more, with clearly indicated dosages to help you find your perfect dose of CBD.

    Exceptions What are they?

    Pregnant women and those on medication

    While CBD is generally considered safe, there are some important safety considerations to be aware of as a beginner. The most common users who would need to check with a doctor would be pregnant women and those who are already on medication, as some medications can affect CBD to produce a higher effect for the medication. Do not take if below the age of 18.

    Forms of CBD

    There are three main types of CBD extracts: full-spectrum, broad-spectrum and CBD isolate.

    Full-spectrum CBD contains all the cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids found in the hemp plant, including THC. While full-spectrum CBD may provide the most benefit due to the entourage effect, it also contains trace amounts of THC which can produce a failed drug test.

    Broad-spectrum CBD contains most cannabinoids and terpenes but has the THC removed. It offers many of the same benefits as full-spectrum CBD without the THC. This is a good option if you want the benefits of the entourage effect but need to avoid THC due to drug testing.

    CBD isolate contains 99% pure CBD with no other cannabinoids or terpenes. CBD isolate offers the highest concentration of CBD per serving but lacks the other cannabinoids and terpenes that provide additional health benefits. CBD isolate is a popular choice for those who need to avoid THC due to drug testing.

    CBD Products

    The most common CBD products include CBD oils and tinctures, gummies and edibles, topicals, and vape products. CBD oils and tinctures provide the highest potency but have an earthy taste. CBD gummies and edibles are popular with newcomers since they taste better and provide pre-measured doses. CBD topicals include lotions, balms, and creams that can be applied directly to the skin for relief from pain and inflammation. Disposable CBD vape pens offer the fastest delivery of CBD into your bloodstream but the effects do not last as long.

    In summary, there are a few exceptions and considerations to keep in mind before taking CBD, but by understanding the different forms and products available, you can make an informed choice for your needs. Always start low and go slow until you find what works for you.

    Forms of CBD

    Full Spectrum CBD

    Full-spectrum CBD contains all the cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids found in the hemp plant, including THC. While full-spectrum CBD must contain less than 0.2% THC to remain legal, this small amount may still show up on drug tests. The benefit of full-spectrum CBD is that the combination of cannabinoids and terpenes may produce an entourage effect, working together synergistically for greater therapeutic benefit.

    Broad Spectrum CBD

    Broad-spectrum CBD contains all the cannabinoids and terpenes found in the hemp plant except for THC, which is removed after initial extraction. This allows you to benefit from the entourage effect without the risk of THC. Broad-spectrum CBD is a good option if you want to avoid THC altogether.

    CBD Isolate 

    CBD isolate is 99% pure CBD. All other cannabinoids, terpenes, and plant compounds are removed, leaving behind only crystalline CBD. CBD isolate has no smell or taste and can be consumed as is or added to foods and drinks. While some people prefer the purity of CBD isolate, it lacks the entourage effect of full and broad-spectrum CBD. You may need a higher dose of CBD isolate to get the same benefits as the other CBD extracts.

    CBD Edibles

    CBD edibles, like gummies, chocolates, and baked goods allow you to consume CBD orally. CBD Edibles tend to have a longer onset time as the CBD is absorbed through the digestive system, but the effects may last longer. Start with a low dose of 5-10mg and wait up to 2 hours to feel the full effects before increasing the amount.

    CBD Cosmetics

    CBD topicals like creams, balms, and lotions can be applied directly to the skin, muscles and joints. Topicals allow for targeted relief and may help manage pain and inflammation. CBD is absorbed through the skin, so topicals tend to work quickly. However, the effects tend to last only a few hours. For chronic conditions, topicals can be reapplied throughout the day.

    To find what works for you, you may need to try various forms and doses of CBD. Keep a journal to track the effects and adjust as needed. With regular use, you'll discover how CBD can enhance your health and wellbeing.

    Got Questions CBD Beginner FAQs:

    What exactly is CBD?

    CBD, or cannabidiol, is a compound found in cannabis plants that provides therapeutic effects without the intoxicating high associated with THC. CBD works by interacting with your body's endocannabinoid system (ECS), a network of receptors and chemicals that help regulate processes like pain, mood, inflammation, and sleep. CBD binds to ECS receptors such as CB1 and CB2, which can influence your body's neurotransmitters and reduce inflammation, leading to benefits like improved mood, reduced anxiety, better sleep, and pain relief.

    How does CBD work?

    CBD works by interacting with your body's endocannabinoid system (ECS), which helps regulate many essential functions. The ECS is made up of endocannabinoids (produced by your body), cannabinoid receptors (CB1 and CB2), and enzymes. When you take CBD, it binds to cannabinoid receptors in your ECS, particularly CB1 and CB2 receptors, which can influence your body's neurotransmitters and reduce inflammation. This interaction produces therapeutic effects such as lowered anxiety, improved mood, better sleep, and pain relief.

    How much CBD should I take?

    The ideal CBD dosage varies from person to person based on factors like body weight, health conditions, and CBD potency. As a rule of thumb, it's best to start with a low dose of around 10 to 20 milligrams per day and gradually increase until you find your optimal dosage. For some, 5 milligrams may do the trick, while others may need 50 milligrams or more. The key is to start low and go slow until you discover the amount that provides you relief and support without side effects.

    Is CBD safe?

    CBD is considered very safe, with limited risks of side effects. However, some potential side effects can include fatigue, diarrhoea, changes in appetite, and interactions with other medications. CBD can cause drowsiness, so be cautious if combining it with other sedatives. CBD may also interact with certain medications such as blood thinners. It's best to talk to your doctor before using CBD, especially if you are on any medications. CBD is not addictive and does not produce a high.

    What forms of CBD are there?

    CBD comes in many forms, including:

    • Oils and tinctures: CBD oil is the most popular way to take CBD. You place drops under your tongue and absorb sublingually.
    • Edibles: CBD edibles include gummies, chocolates, baked goods, and beverages infused with CBD.
    • Capsules: CBD capsules contain CBD oil or extract and are a popular option for those who don't like the taste of CBD oil.
    • Cosmetics: CBD creams, lotions, and balms
    • CBD Vape: Whether it's a CBD disposable or CBD E-liquid, you can vape CBD that tastes excellent, without the bitterness of CBD.


    So there you have it, the ABCs of CBD! As you now know, CBD offers promising benefits for easing anxiety, relieving pain, improving sleep, and more. But remember to start low and go slow when dosing - 5-20mg is a good starting point before gradually increasing. Chat with your doctor if pregnant, under 18, or on other meds, as CBD can interact. It's always recommended to discuss with your pharmacist first! And know that CBD comes in many forms beyond oils, from edibles to cosmetics, so you've got options in finding the product that's right for you. We hope this CBD 101 has shed some light and left you feeling empowered to explore whether nature's gift of CBD could be helpful for you too. Let us know if you have any other questions! Wishing you all the best on your CBD journey.

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